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Classification of building materials
Building materials can be divided into structural materials, decorative materials and some special materials. Structural materials include wood, bamboo, stone, cement, concrete, metal, brick and tile, ceramic, glass, engineering plastics, composite materials, decorative materials include various coatings, paints, coatings, veneers, colorful tiles, glass with special effects, etc. Special materials refer to waterproof, moisture-proof, anti-corrosion, fire-proof, etc. Flame retardant, sound insulation, heat insulation, thermal insulation, sealing, etc.
In the 1950s, China studied the Soviet Union in the former Tsinghua University, Nanjing Institute of Technology (now Southeast University), Tongji University, Chongqing Institute of Architectural Engineering (now Chongqing University), Wuhan Institute of Building Materials (now Wuhan University of Technology) and other institutions of higher learning to open a similar major in concrete materials, which resumed its high level in 1977. After the exam, except Tsinghua University, other colleges and universities continue to enroll students. With the expansion of enrollment and the demand for specialists in civil construction materials, about 20 colleges and universities across the country have begun to enroll students of similar majors. Compared with other majors, compared with such a wide range of civil engineering construction, the graduates of this major are in short supply. .
Building materials, green building materials, energy saving materials